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   人蔘(にんじん)
Latin名Ginseng Radix
基源(学名)Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. (Araliaceae) -(ウコギ科)
藥材寫眞
基源寫眞
效能大補元氣, 安精神, 定魂魄, 通血脈, 生津, 調中, 瀉火, 消痰, 明目, 聰耳, 開心, 益智,
歸經脾, 肺, 心
性味甘, 微苦, 平
修治 紅蔘(こうじん),生晒蔘(しょうさいじん)
注意事項鐵器を忌む. 肺熱ㆍ肺氣不利者は服用しないこと.
毒性Clinical studies in humans are not availabl; therefore, use of Ginseng Radix during pregnancy is not generally recommended.
There are no reliable studies on this subject. Therefore, nursing mothers should not take Ginseng Radix without consulting a physician.
Ginseng Radix should not be administered to children under 6 years of age.
Various researchers who studied Ginseng Radix extracts using conventional toxicological methods in five different animal models reported no acute or chronic toxicity of the extract 1, 2, 3).
On the basis of Ginseng Radix 's long use, and the relative infrequency of significant demonstable side-effects, it has been concluded that the use of Ginseng Radix is not associated with serious adverse effects if taken at the recommended dose 2, 3). However, in Siegel's open study of 133 patients ingesting large quantities, ginseng was reported to result in hypertension, nervousness, irritability, diarrhoea, skin eruptions, and insomnia, which were collectively called ginseng abuse syndrome(GAS) 4). Critical analysis of this report has shown that there were no controls or analyses to determine the type of gingseng being ingested or the constituents of the preparation taken, and that some of the amounts ingested were clearly excessive(as much as 15g per day, where the recommended daily dose is 0.5-2g) 5,2,6). When the dose was decreased to 1.7g/day the symptoms of the 'syndrome' were rare. Thus the only conclusion that can be validly extracted from the Siegel study is that the excessive and uncontrolled intake of gingseng products should be avoided 2). One case of ginseng-associated cerebral arteritis has been reported in a patient consuming a high dose of an ethanol extract of ginseng root(appoximately 6g in one dose) 7). However, again the type and quantity of ginseng extract were not reported. Two cases of mydriasis and disturbance in accommodation, as well as dizziness have been reported after ingestion of large doses (3-9g) of an unspecified type of ginseng preparation 8). Estrogenic like side effects have been reported in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women following the use of ginseng. Seven causes of mastalgia 9,10,11) and one case of vaginal bleeding in a postmenopausal women 12) were reported after ingestion of unspecified ginseng products. An increased libido in premenopausal women has also been reported 11). Specific studies on the possible hormonal side effects of ginseng have been carried out with a standardized gingseng extract 13,14,15). Under physiological conditions, there is no interaction of the ginseng extract with either cytosolic estrogen receptors isolated from mature rat uterus or progesterone receptors from human myometrium 13). Furthermore, clinical studies have demonstrated that a standardized ginseng extract does not cause a change in male and female hormonal status 14,15). Herb causes allergic reaction 16).

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藥典記載大韓藥典, 中國藥典, 日本藥局方
構成成分
  • 10-Acetylpanaxytriol
  • Adenine
  • Adenosine
  • Alanine
  • alpha-Amylase
  • alpha-Farnesene
  • alpha-Neoclovene
  • alpha-Pinene(+,-)
  • alpha-Pyrrolidone
  • alpha-Santalene
  • alpha-Selinene
  • alpha-Terpineol
  • Arginine
  • Aromadendrane-4-beta,10-alpha-diol
  • Aspartic acid

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